Geography Of Iceland
The land of Iceland lies close to the Arctic Circle and is midway between New York and Moscow. The geography of Iceland has a total area of 103,000 square km (39,756 square miles). From north to south the greatest distance is about 300 km (185 miles), from west to east about 500 km (305 miles). The coastline is about 6,000 km (3,700 miles) long and the shortest distances to other countries are 286 km (180 miles) to Greenland, 795 km (495 miles) to Scotland and 950 km (590 miles) to Norway.
Because the coastline is so varied and sometimes the beaches lie close to towns and villages while in other places these are gems you may happen uppoin while driving on the road in Iceland.
Most of the beaches in Iceland are madr from black sand, making for amazing sights and striking contrasts to the blue sky and green grass around them.
At 230 km (143 mi), it flows out through narrow gorges in the highlands of Iceland. Before it enters the lowlands, it meets the Tungnaa River before passing the valley of Thjorsardalur.
The Nordura River or the ‘Northern river’ runs through the Borgarfjordur region in the central west of Iceland. The region is home to some of the most stunning scenery in Iceland with everything from flat grassy fields to high mountains which make for some excellent day hikes. It has many beautiful waterfalls, valleys, inactive volcanoes, volcanic fields, forests and lakes. These hidden pearls of Borgarfjordur are easily accessible from the main road the Ring road or highway nr 1 which runs right through it and there are easy to follow signs to help guide you along.